Embroidery: It is a decorative stitching on fabric. Generally involves non-lettering designs but can also include lettering. Evidence of embroidery exists during the reign of Egyptian pharaohs, in the writings of Homer and from the Crusaders of the 12th century. Evolved from hand work to manual sewing machines and from hand-looms and schiffli machines with hundreds of needles to high-speed, computerized multihead machines.
Embroidery Digitizing: Embroidery Digitizing or Embroidery Punching is the process of converting artwork into digital data that tells a computerized embroidery machine how to move during the embroidery process.
Digitizing Tape: For embroidering a shirt or baseball cap, etc. the customer need a digitizing file sometimes called a tape. This is because the old embroidery machines used punched paper tapes and a tape reader to operate. With the advancements of new technology and the use of computerized embroidery, 3.5" floppy disk is very common in the industry. An Embroidery Disk and a Digitizing Tape are similar references. A digitizing tape/disk contains all the instructions which tell the embroidery machine what to stitch on the garment.
Lettering: Embroidery using letters or words, made completely with stitches, or a combination of cutout appliqué pieces and stitching. It is a very common content of digitizing.
Monogram: Embroidered design composed of one or more letters, usually the initials in a name.
Push and pull: The terms push and pull are used together so often, it seems at times people believe they happen together. They do sometimes, but in most cases the element and/or the fabric are causing either push or pull, but not both. The exception to this rule tends to be in satin stitch columns, whether in a letter or otherwise. Satin columns can pull in on the ends and out on the sides.
Scanning: Scanners convert designs into a computer format, allowing the digitizer to use even the most primitive of artwork without recreating the design. Many embroidery digitizing systems allow the digitizer to transfer the design directly into the embroidery digitizing program without using intermediary software.